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Solve for Exponents Calculator

Solve for the Exponent n
\[ x^n = y \]
Answer:


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Calculator Use

This calculator will solve for the exponent n in the exponential equation xn = y, stated x raised to the nth power equals y. Enter x and y and this calculator will solve for the exponent n using log().  Since taking the log() of negative numbers causes calculation errors they are not allowed.

How to solve for exponents

For xn = y; solve for n by taking the log of both sides of the equation:

For:

\( x^n = y \)

Take the log of both sides:

\( \log_{}x^n = \log_{}y \)

By identity we get:

\( n \cdot \log_{}x = \log_{}y \)

Dividing both sides by log x:

\( n = \dfrac{\log_{}y}{\log_{}x} \)

Find the exponent of a number

For the equation 3n = 81 where 3 is called the base and n is called the exponent, find the value of the exponent n using logarithms.

For:

\( 3^n = 81 \)

Take the log of both sides:

\( \log_{}3^n = \log_{}81 \)

By identity we get:

\( n \cdot \log_{}3 = \log_{}81 \)

Dividing both sides by log 3:

\( n = \dfrac{\log_{}81}{\log_{}3} \)

Using a calculator we can find that log 81 ≈ 1.9085 and log 3 ≈ 0.4771 then our equation becomes:

\( n = \dfrac{\log_{}81}{\log_{}3} \approx \dfrac{1.9085}{0.4771} \approx 4 \)

Checking our answer 34 = 81.

Since taking the log() of negative numbers, 0 or 1 causes calculation errors we have provided some answers by definition and not actual calculations.



 

Cite this content, page or calculator as:

Furey, Edward "Solve for Exponents Calculator"; from http://www.calculatorsoup.com - Online Calculator Resource.

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