Calculator Soup^{®}

Conversions are performed by using a conversion factor. By knowing the conversion factor, converting between units can become a simple multiplication problem:

**S * C = E**

Where **S** is our starting value, **C** is our conversion factor, and **E** is our end converted result.

To simply convert from any unit into newtons^{}, for example, from 20 kilogram-force, just * multiply by* the conversion value in the right column in the table below.

20 kgf * 9.80665 [ (N

^{}) / (kgf) ] = 196.133 N^{}

To convert from N^{} into units in the left column * divide by* the value in the right column or, multiply by the reciprocal, 1/x.

196.133 N / 9.80665 [ (N

^{}) / (kgf) ] = 20 kgf

To convert among any units in the left column, say from A to B, you can multiply by the factor for A to convert A into Newtons^{} then divide by the factor for B to convert out of Newtons. Or, you can find the single factor you need by dividing the A factor by the B factor.

For example, to convert from kilogram-force to ounce-force you would multiply by 9.80665 then divide by 0.2780139. Or, multiply by 9.80665/0.2780139 = 35.2739557. So, to convert directly from kgf to ozf, you multiply by 35.2739557.

To Convert from Unit |
Unit Symbol |
and Convert to ( N ) |
Multiply by ( N / Unit ) |
---|---|---|---|

dyne | dyn | newton | 0.00001 |

kilogram-force | kgf | newton | 9.80665 |

kilopond | kp | newton | 9.80665 |

kip | kip | newton | 4448.222 |

newton |
N |
newton |
1 |

kilonewton | kN | newton | 1000 |

ounce-force | ozf | newton | 0.2780139 |

poundal | pdl | newton | 0.138255 |

pound-force | lbf | newton | 4.448222 |

ton-force | tnf | newton | 8896.443 |

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) - *The NIST Guide for the use of the International System of Units* - Appendix B, subsections B.8 Factors for Units Listed Alphabetically and B.9 Factors for units listed by kind of quantity or field of science.

Lide, David R., Daniel (Editor-in-Chief). *CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 89th Edition* New York, NY: CRC Press, p. 1-28, 2008.

Wikipedia contributors. "Conversion of units" Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, last visited 26 Jun. 2011.

*How Many? A dictionary of units of measurement* at http://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/units/

**Cite this content, page or calculator as:**

Furey, Edward "Force Conversion Calculator" From *http://www.CalculatorSoup.com* - Online Calculator Resource.