Future Value Calculator, Basic
Calculate the Future Value and Future Value Interest Factor (FVIF) for a present value invested for a future return. Our basic future value calculator sets time periods to years with interest compounded daily, monthly, or yearly.
The Future Value Formula
- FV = future value
- PV = present value
- i = interest rate per period in decimal form
- n = number of periods
The future value formula FV = PV*(1+i)^n states that future value is equal to the present value multiplied by the sum of 1 plus interest rate per period raised to the number of time periods.
When using this future value formula be sure that your time period, interest rate, and compounding frequency are all in the same time unit. For example, if compounding occurs monthly the number of time periods should be the number of months of investment, and the interest rate should be converted to a monthly interest rate rather than yearly.
- Number of Years
- Use whole numbers or decimals for partial periods such as months, so for 7 years and 6 months you would input 7.5 years
- Interest Rate (I)
- • The nominal interest rate or stated rate as a percentage
- • i = I/100 is the interest rate as a decimal
- Select daily, monthly or yearly compounding
- Present Value (PV)
- Present value of a sum of money to be invested
- Future Value (FV)
- The result of the FV calculation is the future value of a present value sum to be invested for some number of years at a given interest rate
- • The Future Value Interest Factor includes time period, interest rate and compounding frequency. You can apply this factor to other present value amounts to find the future value with the same length of investment, interest and compounding rate.
- • FVIF = (1+i)n
- • Multiply any PV by FVIF to get a future value with the same length of investment at the same interest rate.
Future Value Example Problem
The default calculation in the calculator asks what is the future value of a present value amount of $12,487.16 invested for 3.5 years, compounded monthly at an annual interest rate of 5.25%.
- The calculator first converts the number of years and interest rate into terms of months since compounding occurs monthly in this example
- 3.5 years × 12 = 42 months
- So n = 42
- First convert the percentage to a decimal: 5.25 / 100 = 0.0525
- Then divide the annual rate of 0.0525 by 12 to get the monthly interest rate: 0.0525 / 12 = 0.004375
- So i = 0.004375
Future Value Interest Factor Example Problem
Calculating the Future Value Interest Factor FVIF for this same problem, FVIF = (1+i)n
Use this FVIF to find the future value of any present value with the same investment length and interest rate. Instead of a present value of $12487.16, perhaps you want to find the future value of a present value of $16,649.60.