 Online Calculators

# Z Score Calculator

Z-Score Calculator
applicable z-score formula
$z = \dfrac{x - \mu}{\sigma}$

## Calculator Use

The z-score is the number of standard deviations a data point is from the population mean. You can calculate a z-score for any raw data value on a normal distribution.

When you calculate a z-score you are converting a raw data value to a standardized score on a standardized normal distribution. The z-score allows you to compare data from different samples because z-scores are in terms of standard deviations.

A positive z-score means the data value is higher than average. A negative z-score means it's lower than average.

You can also determine the percentage of the population that lies above or below any z-score using a z-score table.

## Using the Z-Score Calculator

This calculator can find the z-score given:

• A raw data point, population mean and population standard deviation
• Sample mean, sample size, population mean and population standard deviation
• A sample that is used to calculate sample mean and sample size; population mean and population standard deviation

With the first method above, enter one or more data points separated by commas or spaces and the calculator will calculate the z-score for each data point provided from the same population.

With the last method above enter a sample set of values. Enter values separated by commas or spaces.

You can also copy and paste lines of data from spreadsheets or text documents. See all allowable formats below.

## Z-Score Formula

When calculating the z-score of a single data point x:

$z = \dfrac{x - \mu}{\sigma}$

When calculating the z-score of a sample with known population standard deviation:

$z = \dfrac{\overline{x} - \mu}{\dfrac{\sigma}{\sqrt{n}}}$

In these z-score formulas:

• x is a raw data point
• x̄ is the sample mean
• n is the sample size
• μ is the population mean
• σ is the population standard deviation.
Acceptable Data Formats
Type
Options
Actual Input Processed
Column (New Lines)
42
54
65
47
59
40
53
42, 54, 65, 47, 59, 40, 53
Comma Separated
42,
54,
65,
47,
59,
40,
53,

or

42, 54, 65, 47, 59, 40, 53
42, 54, 65, 47, 59, 40, 53
Spaces
42 54
65 47
59 40
53

or

42 54 65 47 59 40 53
42, 54, 65, 47, 59, 40, 53
Mixed Delimiters
42
54   65,,, 47,,59,
40 53
42, 54, 65, 47, 59, 40, 53

Cite this content, page or calculator as:

Furey, Edward "Z Score Calculator" at https://www.calculatorsoup.com/calculators/statistics/z-score-calculator.php from CalculatorSoup, https://www.calculatorsoup.com - Online Calculators